What is Peer Review?
Peer review refers to the process that the document travels through before publication. Peer reviewed articles and chapters are considered to be scholarly research and are also referred to as "refereed" works. Peer reviewed documents can be literature reviews, original research, theoretical arguments, and more.
The Peer Review process:
- The author submits his/her article or chapter to 2-4 expert researchers or practitioners for review
- Both author and reviewers are anonymous to one another; this is called a Double Blind Review
- The peer reviewers, among other things:
- Provide suggestion for improvements
- Recommend whether the article is of sufficient quality to be published
What are the advantages of using peer-reviewed articles?
- The quality of their methods, results, and interpretation have been vetted by other experts in the field.
- As the author must address the reviewers suggested improvements and editorial comments, the peer review process improves the quality of the published paper
- They advance the researcher's knowledge by presenting new or improved methods, results, interpretation, or theories.
- Most professors insist that their students use peer-reviewed articles for academic research